The technology that’s replacing the green screen

23 okt 2020
3 741 977 visningar

The green screen is a Hollywood staple. Should it be?
It’s easy to complain about overreliance on special effects, but for projects that require impossible-to-film environments or have incredibly expensive shots, how do you get the flexibility of green screens without the drawbacks?
Charmaine Chan has worked on one of the possible answers. Vox's Phil Edwards spoke to her about her career and how it's at the forefront of a big technological shift. As a compositor for venerable effects house Industrial Light and Magic (ILM), she’s worked on films like The Last Jedi, assembling various digital elements into a beautiful, seamless image. Her job changed on The Mandalorian, one of the first shows to use ILM’s upgrade for the green screen: LED panels that used video game engine technology to place a realistic-looking world behind the actors.
It was a huge improvement, because green screens actually have a lot of drawbacks. Removing the green screen is never as quick as visual effects artists would hope. It also casts green light upon the set and actors. Even substitutes for a green screen, like projecting an image onto a screen behind the actor, fail to dynamically respond to camera movements the way they would in the real world.
ILM’s solution fixes a lot of those problems, and it also led to creative breakthroughs in which the old Hollywood order of a TV show or movie, in which VFX came last, was suddenly reversed. Now, artists like Charmaine are alongside actors, set designers, and other crew members during filming. That collaboration means that this technology doesn’t just eliminate a screen - it eliminates a creative barrier.
Watch the above video to see how it happens.
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  • We just launched our official online store! Get your Vox tees, hoodies, hats - and exclusive Vox Atlas, Earworm, and Missing Chapter stickers - all in one place at

    VoxVox2 dagar sedan
    • @Preston Ak i made it 8 you’re welcome :)

      dude nodude no23 timmar sedan
    • 7 likes, that’s not normal it should be at 8

      Preston AkPreston AkDag sedan
  • *If you have that led panels you can still use green screen technology by making led screens green. 2in1 tech.*

    Eye of SauronEye of Sauron4 timmar sedan
  • I am making a $10 Dollar sci-fi movie using a $30 green screen

    hackLABhackLAB5 timmar sedan
  • Affordable for home use?

    hackLABhackLAB5 timmar sedan
  • this is soooo goood!!, but the way she speaks kinda irritates me idk whyyy

    the great finnthe great finn8 timmar sedan
  • A holodeck

    ZeksteveZeksteve10 timmar sedan
  • The music could be a bit less dramatic man

    SSS SSSSSS SSS10 timmar sedan
  • i like how shes does vfx for a living but her camera outputs at 15fps

    More SpencerMore Spencer15 timmar sedan
  • The world that the children made.

    Stratus AboveStratus Above21 timme sedan
  • Don't give all NASA's Secrets away

    Edmond O'BrienEdmond O'Brien21 timme sedan
  • Man ILM never stops innovating, well done

    Cyrus EsfahaniCyrus EsfahaniDag sedan
  • Do LED panels of a high enough resolution already exist that when viewing the show on a large (70+") 4K screen their pixels will not be discerned? Or do the show creators use LED panels of a more reasonable pixel density but take care not to get the camera too close to them - and perhaps if/when they do they use a softening filter to smooth out the pixels? The idea sounds great, but I suppose it can only work if the combined pixel density of the LED panels & shooting distance is greater than the combined pixel density of the largest TV sets & the viewing distance of the audience. Otherwise softening/blurring filters would need to be used, but those decrease clarity and sharpness. If 4K LED panels of

    Nikolaos SkordilisNikolaos SkordilisDag sedan
  • later, it will be like a projection dome in startrek.

    rumahpotret.photographyrumahpotret.photographyDag sedan
  • Must be trippy when the camera moves...

    MicahMicahDag sedan
  • Ok. Fantastic. Amateur filmmaking is dead. That's all folks!

    Max FilmsMax FilmsDag sedan
  • I mean it's not a new technology but it was done in other ways

    FeDrO UfficialeFeDrO UfficialeDag sedan
  • First off when you dropped the light on baby yoda I almost lost it with laughter!! haaha Amazing video I am completely beyond blowwwww away!! Inspired isn't even the word! I am so ready to dive more into this new coming technology. Its really just projection upgraded! Open to chat with anyone else who cant help but to talk about it! Sorry I have no friends that are interested in this stuff haha!

    Lauren RebecLauren RebecDag sedan
  • much expensive

  • The Truman Show

    Niall MoranNiall MoranDag sedan
  • Five to ten minutes!

    Reprogramming MindReprogramming MindDag sedan
  • All this for a tiny movie

    Diosa MamiiDiosa MamiiDag sedan
  • Guys this is a too complex for a home or small studio, granted that the production quality is going to be better, a skillful vfx magician will know how to achieve similar results, & cost is always problem.

    Sid SidSid SidDag sedan
  • if only paints are made of micro led that changes color

    Kauri ChannelKauri ChannelDag sedan
  • Can't wait to see this tech come to consumers so NakeyJakey can have memes all around him on his yoga ball.

    Spencer YoungSpencer YoungDag sedan
  • Didn’t Ray Bradbury make a novel about something similar to this? Lol

    Jessie Marshall JrJessie Marshall JrDag sedan
  • Just do it in iMovie

    Haris BenningtonHaris BenningtonDag sedan
  • beautiful minecraft?

    Diving UpDiving UpDag sedan
  • 4:30 NO!!!!!! lol nice acting

    JJ KJJ KDag sedan
  • This makes me want to check the walls of my room, just to make sure they're not LED panels.

    ZaktronZaktronDag sedan
  • Digital enlightenment

    Truth SeekerTruth SeekerDag sedan
  • Stunningly brilliant.

    Paul FreedmanPaul Freedman2 dagar sedan
  • I have zero respect for those who contributed to Artemis Foul

    Jpaul Getty productionsJpaul Getty productions2 dagar sedan
  • So this was just an ad for The Mandalorian, wasn't it?

    Control TelevisiónControl Televisión2 dagar sedan
  • though with this all VFX has to be planned and implemented ahead of time and you can't mess up anything or the whole thing needs to be reshot. probably works better for TV than movies

    SnooksSnooks2 dagar sedan
  • imagine gaming on this screen

    the demonsthe demons2 dagar sedan
  • This is really just a digital equivalent to the matte paintings used in the original Star Wars, which would help (partly) explain how the feel of The Mandalorian is so close to its source material.

    Moses RamirezMoses Ramirez2 dagar sedan
  • I don’t like how industrial light and Magic do films that aren’t under the Disney umbrella like Aqua-man. Stop helping the competition!

    Daniel GreenDaniel Green2 dagar sedan
    • what are you even saying

      binbows225binbows2252 dagar sedan
  • The technology that NO ONE CAN AFFORD

    OldGamerMusicOldGamerMusic2 dagar sedan
    • Cheaper than flying 3 dozen people halfway across the world

      ZeksteveZeksteve10 timmar sedan
  • 🔥🔥very interesting🔥🔥

    Evaldas KlupsasEvaldas Klupsas3 dagar sedan
  • And she explained everything though a Green Screen

    Maurizio AbileMaurizio Abile3 dagar sedan
  • Frame by frame!

    Teflon SmileTeflon Smile3 dagar sedan
  • They have a room like this inside EXXONMOBIL headquarters 🔎🔥 one of 2 idea! Its very very unreal

    Teflon SmileTeflon Smile3 dagar sedan
  • i hate the way she talks

    Insane CuckoomanInsane Cuckooman3 dagar sedan
  • her sound is soooo anoyying omg i cant contineo

    Farhang AbdinzadeFarhang Abdinzade3 dagar sedan
  • this is an awesome creative solution! and now we don’t have to listen to mfers complain about how modern filmmaking killed film

    Oliver McFaddenOliver McFadden3 dagar sedan
  • With the help of vortexhackers. com. I was able to recover my lost btc which was stolen by some binary traders . .. . .

    Amelia PinkyAmelia Pinky3 dagar sedan
  • 8:22 of Californian vocal frying

    impooserimpooser3 dagar sedan
  • I’ve met Charmaine once presenting at my college campus, it was really amazing to see how much change these led panels would introduce to the visual effects world!

    Jordan OsburnJordan Osburn3 dagar sedan
  • I'm very surprised there is no mention of Epics Unreal Engine which is the real tech behind this Virtual Production process. Its also sad that real locations won't be necessary for future film making, photogrammetry of the world will replace the real thing.

    Julie BurkeJulie Burke3 dagar sedan
  • "It’s easy to complain about overreliance on special effects" With good reason. Too many contemporary movies appear to be 99.99% special effects, and maybe 0.01% intelligent thought put into plot, story-structure or character-development.

    Paul CwickPaul Cwick3 dagar sedan
  • WOW

    Ione VelasquezIone Velasquez3 dagar sedan
  • I hate asians.

    sebatiansebatian3 dagar sedan
  • This video is dripping with public relations. The technology is good. Like an improved rear projection. But the video is leaking public relations out of it's huh.

    wdavemwdavem3 dagar sedan
  • have you ever tried the change background feature in skype or zoom?

    Umair AsgharUmair Asghar3 dagar sedan
  • The Volume? Don't you mean The Holodeck?

    GoofyTallGoofyTall3 dagar sedan
  • I have purple screen

    DoctorX17DoctorX174 dagar sedan
  • So a modern version of what Stanley Kubrick did.

    fatarsemonkeyfatarsemonkey4 dagar sedan
    • @fatarsemonkey Yeah you're right.

      clayclayDag sedan
    • @clay Well, I was just implying it's not exactly ground breaking.

      fatarsemonkeyfatarsemonkeyDag sedan
    • Yeah but much easier than what Stanley Kubrick did.

      clayclayDag sedan
  • How does one interact with an object that goes from the volume to the real scene without a cut?

    MioumiMioumi4 dagar sedan
  • has it been used for anythin but static empty landscapes? Yeah ok standing in a desert is cool but this seems limited. You cant shoot anything where you need to move more than 15 feet

    durr clipsdurr clips4 dagar sedan
  • I understand this new technology is more efficient, but is it cost effective? Looks like it costs more to do this than to do green screen.

    rowellerowelle4 dagar sedan
  • so it is a real time -ray tr- green screen

    Alexandre BugadoAlexandre Bugado4 dagar sedan
  • yeah I was okay till you started promoting 5G which is not good for humans come back to the human race

    Phil ChristophersPhil Christophers4 dagar sedan
  • Same technology used in 'Oblivion' 7 years ago

    Luke EvansLuke Evans4 dagar sedan
    • my thoughts exactly. I was hoping someone wrote this in the comments selection. 🖖

      Damon ZapDamon Zap4 dagar sedan
  • my question would be about the floor... how is that done to fit into the ocean?

    Alan SmithAlan Smith4 dagar sedan
  • it would cost less to just like go to the actual spot and record

    ShortMovie EditorShortMovie Editor4 dagar sedan
  • Why haven't we invented high resolution conference calls yet?

    Linus WärnLinus Wärn4 dagar sedan
    • @GG-Private I have fiber broadband. I was referring to the woman's low res image.

      Linus WärnLinus Wärn3 dagar sedan
    • Your internet or LTE might not support affordable high res calls yet so no use using high res conference cams.

      GG-PrivateGG-Private3 dagar sedan
  • It's amazing that the studio who basically revolutionized key removal with the original Star Wars film is still innovating years later to create more amazing Star Wars content.

    theacp127theacp1274 dagar sedan
  • So the "new" tech that will replace green screen editing because it's a better solution, is basically a tech of the past that they ditched for green screen? That's the equivalent of choosing the wrong guy and coming back crying 😂😂

    April Mintac PinedaApril Mintac Pineda4 dagar sedan
  • Is there a way to do this for us lower budget filmmakers, say like for only 1-2 million?

    Fun FilmFun Film4 dagar sedan
  • Nothing new. This technique has allready been used by Stanley Kubrick for filming A Space Odyssey. Though it was (rear) film projection instead of LED screens at that time.

    sK3LeTvMsK3LeTvM4 dagar sedan
  • But they still eat pangolins...🤷🏿‍♂️

    Radu CasetiRadu Caseti4 dagar sedan
  • Holodeck

    Casey ChisholmCasey Chisholm4 dagar sedan
  • och X-Men Fight room

    Her BaSSHer BaSS4 dagar sedan
  • When she talked about removing the uneven green screen frame by frame, I felt physically ill. They are the real heroes

    Alisa KomendovaAlisa Komendova4 dagar sedan
  • How do real camera movements translate or get measured and put in to the system so that the 3d renders correspond to the camera angle changes?

    Daniel Grove PhotoDaniel Grove Photo4 dagar sedan
  • Can you play call of duty on the LED screen?

    Green MoxyGreen Moxy5 dagar sedan
  • Before I knew about this I thought the mandalorian was filmed at real places around the world

    Mr. AntMr. Ant5 dagar sedan
  • VFX is the least appreciated team in filmmaking when it comes to general audiences and mainstream films.

    Karolis JureviciusKarolis Jurevicius5 dagar sedan
  • However the screen they need to learn how to act right in front of a camera.

    JBulsara AJBulsara A5 dagar sedan
  • I got a Verizon ad as soon as the main video ended, then got another vox sponsor speech lol

    Sourish W.Sourish W.5 dagar sedan
  • Dis is da we.

    MrSaemichlausMrSaemichlaus5 dagar sedan
  • BOOOOOO 5G !!! It doesn´t only make technology different IT ALSO RUINS LIFE ON EARTH, so PLEASE BANN 5G EVERYWHERE... everywhere where you love people and nature to survive healthier...

    hypnotic1979hypnotic19795 dagar sedan
  • Me: How much the technology price compare to green screen? Her: Your house.

    katasiapakatasiapa5 dagar sedan
    • How much do think a set costs to build or flying to cast and crew to location

      ZeksteveZeksteve10 timmar sedan
    • My exact question.

      rowellerowelle4 dagar sedan
  • Those panels must ve really special. Seen those people who film their computer screen instead of using screen capture software? It looks horrible!

    Erik HendrychErik Hendrych5 dagar sedan
  • i did not expect anything different than a jebait from vox tbh

    ~ImaginedByMe~~ImaginedByMe~5 dagar sedan
  • This same screen technology is used in The Bourne Stuntacular live show at Universal Studios Florida. So if you want to see this live, check out that show. It is breath taking.

    Michaelangelo A BarretoMichaelangelo A Barreto5 dagar sedan
  • what if the whole world is just a green screen?

    AnimatroixAnimatroix5 dagar sedan
  • This was plain and simply awesome!!🤓

    wedoebewedoebe5 dagar sedan
  • It would not be too surprising if a future iteration of 'The Volume' were to be more like a half sphere and much larger.

    p cp c5 dagar sedan
  • Soaring over California needs to upgrade to this technology. Those screens are getting dated.

    kngston20kngston205 dagar sedan
  • I kinda assumed that most of the Mandalorian was filmed on location with the backgrounds edited in later. Compared to the creature and vehicle CG it looked almost flawless.

    IsThisLeftUnity?IsThisLeftUnity?5 dagar sedan
  • COOL !

    Billy CrutchfieldBilly Crutchfield6 dagar sedan
  • This is incredible development on the part of the lead technologist, she is amazing, but why scrimp on a glitchy zoom call quality interview for this piece? I'd implore you to re-shoot this in her developed tech! Amazing work highlighting such talent, not meant as a criticism. Big love.

    Matthew PenningtonMatthew Pennington6 dagar sedan
  • NOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO!!!!!!!!!!!!!! Wow 2.5 seconds really!!! I mean Ah!!!!!!!!!!!5G!!!

    isabella live 2.0isabella live 2.06 dagar sedan
  • How can we change the way voices sound?

    Mick MurrayMick Murray6 dagar sedan
  • It makes it easier for the actors too

    Aesthetic VirtuosoAesthetic Virtuoso6 dagar sedan
  • My favourite type of films probably wouldn’t need techniques like this one. There is much more to cinema than guns, cars, explosions and blond babes.

    lon-ist lon-istlon-ist lon-ist6 dagar sedan
  • yikes imagine the shame of having worked on the last jedi.

    bill billiomsonbill billiomson6 dagar sedan
    • I loved that movie

      CraftingBlueCraftingBlue5 dagar sedan
  • Fun watch!

    Online Radio SchoolOnline Radio School6 dagar sedan
  • Optimal for streamers

    Alexander JohansenAlexander Johansen6 dagar sedan