The Plan to Revive the Mammoth Steppe to Fight Climate Change

25 mar 2021
324 251 visningar

Deep in the frozen north of Russia's Sakha Republic lies a place where time is being reversed and a once extinct environment is being brought back to life. How is something like this possible and what impact could it have on our world?
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If you enjoyed this you should watch this next: www.grant-slater.com/mammoth
Music:
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Links/Sources:
pleistocenepark.de/wp-content/uploads/2020/11/Mammoth-steppe-a-high-productivity-phenomenon.pdf
royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rstb.2019.0122
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quaternary_extinction#/media/File:Extinctions_Africa_Austrailia_NAmerica_Madagascar.gif
www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2017/04/pleistocene-park/517779/
pleistocenepark.ru/
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muskox#/media/File:Muskox_distribution_combined.png
www.nature.com/articles/s41467-019-08636-w
www.researchgate.net/publication/260307284_Naivete_in_novel_ecological_interactions_Lessons_from_theory_and_experimental_evidence
climatechange.ucdavis.edu/news/grasslands-more-reliable-carbon-sink-than-trees/
www.sciencedirect.com/topics/earth-and-planetary-sciences/grassland-soil
naldc.nal.usda.gov/download/IND43894978/PDF
www.grant-slater.com/mammoth
belmont.bme.umich.edu/wp-content/uploads/sites/377/2018/02/4-The-Ethics-of-Reviving-Long-Extinct-Species.pdf
www.researchgate.net/profile/Shlomo-Cohen-4/publication/274024025_The_Ethics_of_De-Extinction/links/56ea833008aec8bc078291cf/The-Ethics-of-De-Extinction.pdf

Kommentarer
  • “I found it not fair to revive Mammoth, if it went extinct there's actually a reason to.” Well that's true but there's solution for everything.

    Super ItalySuper Italy11 timmar sedan
  • Eventually new predators will have to be introduced or new parks opened to stop over population

    Bernard TaylorBernard Taylor12 timmar sedan
  • There is nothing humans can do to change earth’s weather patterns. Just a fact.

    Uncle SamUncle SamDag sedan
  • Cause of extinction: Clovis comet (was the straw that broke the camel's back)

    SeedsCanadaSeedsCanadaDag sedan
  • At least keep some taiga in North America because I think it’s an important carbon sink (especially the peat lands) and a very beautiful forest.

    Mr GuyMr GuyDag sedan
  • the overkill hypothesis has been thoroughly debunked. Human were in siberia for tens of millenia before the extinction, and we now know that humans were in the americans far far before the extinction. We also have overwhelming evidence that there were a set of impacts at the onset of the younger dryas with a huge increase in sea levels, and the deposition of collosal volumes of erosion sediment in the gulf of Mexico.

    michael graalummichael graalumDag sedan
    • where are the remains of the humans who did all this killing? there must have been tens of millions, not wandering bands

      michael graalummichael graalumDag sedan
  • Aggression toward humans didn't pay off, except for the fact it gave the big cats, for example, an innate fear of humans. The big cats will rarely attack a man who stands his ground. I saw a video of three Masai tribesmen armed only with spears stroll nonchalantly up to a pride of about 8 lions who were devouring a zebra they had killed. The eight lions slunk away when the Masai were still a hundred yards off. The men helped themselves to the choicest cuts of zebra and left the rubbish for the lions. Prehistoric lions which left humans alone tended to prosper more than those foolish enough to attack. In modern times, carnivores which attacked humans were signing their own death warrants.

    Bernard EdwardsBernard Edwards2 dagar sedan
  • Anyone know where the cottage from 16:10 is taken at, that’s a really pretty place

    Jackson pascoeJackson pascoe2 dagar sedan
  • This is cool and all but we still gotta dial back the whole fossil fuel thing.

    ThreetailsThreetails2 dagar sedan
  • Could you do another 7 realms?

    John DoeJohn Doe3 dagar sedan
  • I seen some of your older videos... Cringy.... I still like you no matter what they say! Fun fun

    John DoeJohn Doe3 dagar sedan
  • The idea that over hunting brought about the extinction for dozens of species by humans doesn’t address how some megafauna survived in Europe, Asian and North America into modern times. And it does not address why other hominids that already lived in Europe and Asia alongside megafauna did not over hunt the species into extinction. Bringing back extinct species may make you feel better about the actions of our ancestors but humans are not the first predator species to drive other species into extinction. This idea that our presence on this planet is somehow unnatural does not make sense. We have to be conscious about our impact but applies equally to ideas like “use less plastic” as they do to literally “terraforming our own planet”

    Christian DuncanChristian Duncan3 dagar sedan
  • B.C. It's B.C. Get it RIGHT!!!!

    TimberwolfeTimberwolfe3 dagar sedan
  • Hopefully Putin didn't see this Otherwise he will start this

    Mohit SahuMohit Sahu4 dagar sedan
  • Interesting thoughts and presentation! I agree with most of it, but what about peatlands? In the boreal and arctic, they exist next to and even under forests and tundra, the further north the more in combination with permafrost. They are actually the densest biological carbon store (excluding coal, oil and such) and are also a form of soil. Could you consider that in your next videos about northern biomes? They are massively underrated ecosystems that store immens carbon stocks =)

    Farina de WaardFarina de Waard4 dagar sedan
  • Don't believe in the carbon/global warming myth. We are going into a new mini ice age due to reduced solar activity. Thorium nuclear reactor will decrease carbon emissions greatly so no need for all this gloom and doom environmental had ringing. Still, I think it would be cool to bring back the mammoths.

    George StreicherGeorge Streicher4 dagar sedan
  • 11:35 Is the earth really warming like never before? Wasn't there a time in earths history with even greater warming?

    Beefy BeingsBeefy Beings5 dagar sedan
  • Well, seeing as you're well on your way to 1 million subs, I just wanna say it was here since around 500k

    Chiken suupChiken suup5 dagar sedan
  • 3:00 Or maybe. Just maybe. They died of an unknown virus. The last thing we need is a prehistorical Covid-19.

    WatcherWatcher5 dagar sedan
  • Reject Tree, Embrace Grass

    NmethyltransferaseNmethyltransferase5 dagar sedan
  • What a truly amazing world we live in.

    Duncan DisorderlyDuncan Disorderly5 dagar sedan
  • Do the math! It works.

    Tim KirkpatrickTim Kirkpatrick5 dagar sedan
  • Instead of reviving mammoths, how about saving the species that currently are endangerd and almost extinct!? How about supporting the protection of animals that currently live and lose their living space, because of greedy humans who burn down the rainforests and destroy the environment. How about stopping the ivory thieves? I don't need Mammoths, while elephants, rhinos, tigers, etc. are slowly going extinct because humanity is too stupid to respect nature.

    DanielDaniel5 dagar sedan
  • What are you doing steppe biome?!

    NoahNoah5 dagar sedan
  • Null

    britisch Arktis The yersKbritisch Arktis The yersK5 dagar sedan
  • 5:23 This is NOT a hypothesis, because it can be easily proven wrong by the fact that Neanderthals were living with and hunting the megafauna tens of thousands of years before humans left Africa.

    Kraig ThorneKraig Thorne6 dagar sedan
  • 4:29 The Younger Dryas impact hypothesis or Clovis comet hypothesis posits that fragments of a large (more than 4 kilometers in diameter), disintegrating asteroid or comet struck North America, South America, Europe, and western Asia sometime between 12,800 to 11,700 years ago. Multiple airbursts/impacts produced the Younger Dryas (YD) boundary layer (YDB), depositing peak concentrations of platinum, high-temperature spherules, meltglass, and nanodiamonds, forming an isochronous datum at more than 50 sites across about 50 million km2 of Earth’s surface. Some scientists have proposed that this event triggered extensive biomass burning, a brief impact winter and the Younger Dryas abrupt climate change, contributed to extinctions of late Pleistocene megafauna, and resulted in the end of the Clovis culture.

    Kraig ThorneKraig Thorne6 dagar sedan
  • Woolly savannah!

    anion chloriouanion chloriou6 dagar sedan
  • Very good video, this is an essential understanding that decision makers needs to be aware of. Thank you!

    GustavGustav6 dagar sedan
  • So, when humans were still primitive we killed animals en masse and destroyed habitats. Now that we are more advanced we are doing the same thing, except with more advanced tech. I only wonder when the vicious cycle ends.

    L_CGamerL_CGamer6 dagar sedan
  • how can a mammoth possibly fight climate change

    loganlogan6 dagar sedan
  • You should look up the American Prairie Reserve. They're doing something similar but at a comparatively smaller scale and focusing on a different biome.

    Stormcrow41Stormcrow416 dagar sedan
  • A lot of potential issues with the concept. The biggest issue is I think we're missing too many important details to safely try to make such a widespread change. Ignorant humans making stupid decisions and doing more harm than good has not changed.

    Brent Eason FarmsBrent Eason Farms7 dagar sedan
  • i guess humans are one of the causes but i want to add meteorites too

    tamarintamarin7 dagar sedan
  • it baffles me that overhunting was so prominent

    xKeitaxKeita8 dagar sedan
  • wow. The channel intro isn't until over two minutes into the video. That's odd.

    Lost MelodyLost Melody8 dagar sedan
  • Neanderthals also hunted in Eurasia at the time so they should be wise to two legged hunters.

    Si Qian MaSi Qian Ma8 dagar sedan
  • Canada. This is America. Why aren't you doing this? We can't let the Russians outstyle our hat. Do you need some cash for it?

    Travis JohnsonTravis Johnson8 dagar sedan
  • the ice is going to melt one way or another and we just cant stop it. we are just at the end of an iceage

    Gods of OldGods of Old9 dagar sedan
  • Probably the best way that could be done to integrate a mammoth tier organism in the ecosystem, is the integration of the Elephant itself. Elephants are an endangered species, and we know they are not suited for freezing temperatures, though with human hand we could stimulate their evolution to support cold temperatures. Maybe a bit of genetic tinkering, or selective breeding would be required at first, but eventually we would have to let them go and thrive on their own. The concept would be similar to raising a child, you take care of them but eventually you need to let them go. Believe it would be beneficial to all organisms involved humans would be able to save an essential species of extinction, preserving nature. Elephants would give birth to a new life form, be part of a new cycle of life and well survive. If it's right or wrong.. Well it is neither, it would be mankind taking responsability to fix what we broke for a starters.

    Pedro FerrazPedro Ferraz9 dagar sedan
  • I'm guessing all the Russian poachers are in on the project. They probably see this as job security.

    contrarian duudecontrarian duude9 dagar sedan
  • So basically all we need to do is kill all non farm animals in locations around the globe where snow falls so that greedy companies and unindustriliased mega nations such as C and I can continue to use coal works and other awful stuff to pollute the planet with. Gotcha.

    DonnierDarko223DonnierDarko2239 dagar sedan
  • And to this day Alaska is still in an ice age

    TheDukeOfDishSoapTheDukeOfDishSoap10 dagar sedan
  • sooo...why not get the loggers that are ripping down our rain forests to go and level our frozen north? They could sell the pulpwood and when an area is fully cleared, the loggers ' responsibility would be to repopulate with appropriate animals.

    Conny and Marvin BentleyConny and Marvin Bentley10 dagar sedan
  • I call dibs on the first mammoth steak! I bet they’re delicious!

    VienneryViennery10 dagar sedan
  • Want to fight climate change?? Go grass fed beef as regenerative agriculture are the key and abolish monocrop agriculture. Eat less carbs more meat, fat and egg.

    Casual PainCasual Pain10 dagar sedan
  • Next step is to selectively breed elephants to maximise hair growth, reviving the mammoths

    mv03dl100mv03dl10010 dagar sedan
  • yeah. put the money into something else.

    DesalDesal10 dagar sedan
  • It's absurd to think that hunter/gatherers wiped most of the mega fauna out. We weren't that many at the time, all hunter/gatherer groups that live today, like in the amazon for example, live in perfect harmony with the environment, native americans before america was settled and so on. The extinction was too sudden. A large impact event is most likely the cause.

    ballarfjandiballarfjandi10 dagar sedan
  • do y'all think humans could have evolved on the mammoth steppe if we hadn't evolved in africa?

    agustin venegasagustin venegas10 dagar sedan
  • As if you could actually stop climate change.

    Thomas GideonThomas Gideon10 dagar sedan
  • I like the animations and info. But your PACING and unduLATIONs of... speech ... makes. this. HARD. to watch.

    motkumotku10 dagar sedan
  • So Introducing Methane producing animals to fight methane from escaping the ground is the best choice to fight Climate change. Smart. They will also add more Methane into the ground as well.

    dstyddstyd11 dagar sedan
  • Video mais interessante que vi este ano, ja pode clonar o mamute, estou no aguardo

    Ruaceiro FelipeRuaceiro Felipe11 dagar sedan
  • shorturl.ca/womanhot2gltv Conclusioni banali ma inconfutabili, cosi come un'attenta ricerca dei concorrenti, rimangono ancora oggi la sorte dei liberali che desiderano ardentemente essere bloccati all'interno dei propri vincoli razionali. Il confine della formazione del personale non ci da altra scelta che determinare il completamento tempestivo del super compito. Ma sforzandosi di sostituire la produzione tradizionale, la nanotecnologia puo essere mescolata con dati non univoci al punto da essere completamente irriconoscibili, il che aumenta il loro stato di inutilita. Allo stesso modo, la teoria esistente dipende direttamente dalla fattibilita economica delle decisioni prese.💋 Sendo apenas parte do quadro geral, os sinais claros da vitoria da institucionalizacao nos chamam para novas conquistas, que, por sua vez, devem ser distribuidas associativamente entre os setores. Acionistas das maiores empresas foram anunciados.Replicada de fontes estrangeiras, a pesquisa moderna e apenas um metodo de participacao politica e foi submetida a uma serie de estudos independentes. Mas um nivel profundo de imersao requer definir e refinar os esforcos de agrupamento.

    Bertha RossBertha Ross11 dagar sedan
  • But keep in mind, Mammoth Steppe may be more productive than Boreal Forests, but arguably the Alaskan Forests are more productive due to Salmon and Bear. Bears won't survive if Mammoths are reintroduced in North America.

    Saeed ZafarSaeed Zafar11 dagar sedan
  • The only serious impediment to this being implemented on the scale necessary to influence climate is the pesky presence of large human populations. Once we eliminate 6 or 7 billion people, we can start getting somewhere.

    John DoeJohn Doe11 dagar sedan
  • I don't know why most people think that herbivores Consumes vegetation but truth is they help vegetation to grow faster

    Manoj KumarManoj Kumar11 dagar sedan
  • Who said we needed mammoths to cause deforestation.

    GetAssGetAss11 dagar sedan
  • 3rd option comets hitting Earth causing the other 2

    Carlos bellCarlos bell11 dagar sedan
  • not sure if you realise this but your hypothesis of over hunting proves human activity can cause climate change

    Maxine WardMaxine Ward11 dagar sedan
  • We now think that a large meteor wiped out most of the Mammoths. We know that Mammoths went extinct for a second time around 3,000 years ago and that Mammoths still exist somewhere in Alaska.

    Donovan DelaneyDonovan Delaney11 dagar sedan
  • So russia must bring back the mammoths then

    diego herreradiego herrera11 dagar sedan
  • Okay the Earth isn't warming like "never before" there used to be 20°C shifts over short periods tens of thousands of years ago

    Daniel PierceDaniel Pierce11 dagar sedan
  • Kill everything and stop worrying about it! There solve like in one minute.

    Carlos MalaveCarlos Malave12 dagar sedan
  • Slightly off topic... I have a question; What land mass is most unlikely to change in the next million or so years? Say I wanted to erect a monument and I wanted it to be there for the next million years, where would I build it? Excluding Antarctica.

    Mark JonesMark Jones12 dagar sedan
  • What are the ethical problems with recreating the Mammoth? If we indeed wiped it out, aren't we obliged to have a go at undoing a wrong?

    Gary SevenGary Seven12 dagar sedan
  • in the end extinction is inevitable. the rules of evolution are simple adapt or die

    H SH S12 dagar sedan
  • anyone that actually believes eary Homosapiens and Neanderthals wipe out animals like mammoths and cave lions just using spears and atlatls is really not putting enough thought into it lol, should look up Randall Carlsons theory on this.

    kennedy larochekennedy laroche12 dagar sedan
  • Can’t wait to see a colab with RealLifeLore

    Circuit-RazorCircuit-Razor12 dagar sedan
  • Thanks for the info..👍

    Gacheru MburuGacheru Mburu12 dagar sedan
  • You left out several competing theories. Including a cyclical solar micro novae, of which there appears to be plenty of evidence.

    Finn BearFinn Bear12 dagar sedan
  • That's right, bring us back to an average global temperature of 9 degrees. Your mega fauna will thrive and the rest of the planet will an iced in hell. Half of the planet will be dead again. Great plan!

    BottlecapbillBottlecapbill12 dagar sedan
  • If they spent trillions on replacing destroyed wetlands CO2 would drop like a rock, but that doesn't give the 'powers that be' more control.

    Mountain FisherMountain Fisher12 dagar sedan
  • Do it!

    Meepcity housesMeepcity houses12 dagar sedan
  • Hey, Atlas Pro... the ''Humans wiped out the mega fauna'' theory has been debunked time and again. Please stop repeating it. You're wrong. You're stupid and you're boring!

    v1e1r1g1e1v1e1r1g1e112 dagar sedan
  • If all the possible consequence are evaluated in a scientific and accurate way and there are fail safes/ backup plans for if/ when we make mistakes then I am in favor of moving forward. We don't exactly as you pointed out have the best track record with geo/ environmental engineering/ adaptation. However It would be nice to see extinct animals again. Let's start with something smaller like the tasmanian tiger/ dodo bird before we move on to multi ton animals with scales, fur, hair or feathers.

    alexander martinoalexander martino12 dagar sedan
  • While I'm all in for this Plaistocene Park and the Green Belt in Africa... I gotta say that we should not try to do this "to revert climate change"... We world itself is warming, no human help needed... this cycle is supposed to happen, while we can revert biome extinctions, I think we should not. Let the world warm, let species fall, let new ones rise, if humans fall with it, then be it... we are NOT the center of the universe, nor owners of the world. The day where "there's no more life on earth" is not avoidable. Just look at other planets... Mars perhaps... I guess the movie Matrix was right. We hide behind good intentions to do things our way, for our good, no matter if it was supposed to happen or not. We are like a virus. We should just let go of these things, follow the cycle and be grateful to ever existed. Let go, let change, let renew. DEATACH FROM FREEZING THE TIME!!

    Victor GalloVictor Gallo12 dagar sedan
  • I’m confused, are the outcomes good or bad?

    LullpyLullpy13 dagar sedan
  • It's probably a combination. Lean years for the Mammoth steppes due to climate change combined with the influx of humans. It should be noted that the human population there at that time could not have been massive. Definitely not more dense than in parts of Africa at the time. So, the ecosystem had to have been in a rut. They must make sure there are carnivores as well.

    Joe BlackJoe Black13 dagar sedan
  • Cool video and information but I think there is Zero chance that humans caused extinctions. We didn't suddenly decide to kill all of our food supplies on a global scale. Nor did we have the stomach capacity to eat all the animals that we supposedly slaughtered. Sudden and rapid climate change caused death for many species and suffering for all. Finding the trigger of that climate change is the interesting challenge.

    Brian MitchellBrian Mitchell13 dagar sedan
    • Yes but remember that killing the magafauna led to less food for the megafauna and they died of starvation

      LullpyLullpy13 dagar sedan
  • Except there is an explanation, the Younger Dryas impact. From massive death fields of Mammoths to distinct layers of ash, from the super massive fires, deposit dated to the exact same time found all over the world. Not to mention the abrupt findings of evidence of the start of complex human civilization post event.

    Casey BrownCasey Brown13 dagar sedan
  • Noice.

    dreamcast789122 Hdreamcast789122 H13 dagar sedan
  • Hey Atlas Pro first off I love the vids, but we need to talk and this is a serious matter, I need you and Reallifelore to do a collaboration series about the cursed future of 2050-2100. What I mean by this is a few things, you need to talk about climate change and how it will devastate coasts and how to help stop it, and in your vid show the sea level increase and how it will affect us and how to help prevent the rising seas. Also medicine is really important especially with COVID 19 but the thing is covid isn’t that bad compared to things in the near future, if we continue to waste medicine on things not necessary we will go through a medicine crisis, and it will be global, essentially what I mean is there is a vault that has some of the best medicines in the world, capable of destroying bacteria’s and viruses like covid, but using them on covid is dumb because these medicines are only to be used in a worst case scenario like world extinction, so if we continue to waste some of these medicines on dumb things some of the diseases we almost made extinct and others are going to eventually become immune to our medicines by picking up these wasted medicines that we use when we don’t need to and become immune to them, also please talk about how covid started and why it’s so dumb that we didn’t stop it, the reasons being number one Trump got rid of our team in Wuhan observing for outbreaks of viruses, the theory is that the team is useless because it never stops viruses however this is wrong because it has done we just don’t know because they don’t tell us, and two China they didn’t tell us that there was a problem in the country and by the time it was known worldwide it was too late, if we had shut down air, sea and ground travel we would’ve gotten rid of covid in 2 weeks, it sounds crazy but it’s true, see the thing is this generation is so screwed so please for me and my generation warn others about these things and other things like how the rich oil company’s are bribing governments to say the climate change isn’t real. So please help the world fix it’s mistakes please. And again make more videos about the danger of some of the things that we are causing. Also watch some others videos about climate change like the one by Verge Science called This is what rising sea levels will do. And also explain how we are only making it worse every day, and make sure to use dansez fashion for the music.

    Dagomyre _Dagomyre _13 dagar sedan
  • When will we stop messing with Mother Nature? The planet is fine... mankind is f***ed.

    Robert RichardsonRobert Richardson13 dagar sedan
  • As long as it doesn't cost me tax dollars, I'm fine with it.

    Prime RibPrime Rib13 dagar sedan
  • Very cool!!

    Nitty GrittyNitty Gritty13 dagar sedan
  • So... for an actual balanced and stable ecosystem - WHERE ARE THE PREDATORS? Unless someone goes in and does regular culling, it will get overpopulated. How about some snow leopards or wolves....

    Em WingEm Wing13 dagar sedan
  • Well, you can see this in recent history...when the bison herds were exterminated at the beginning of the industrial revolution, the climate began to shift dramatically

    SMDoktorPepperSMDoktorPepper13 dagar sedan
  • Why fight climate change when the climate throughout the history of our planet ever changes? You people talk about our climate like it should be static and constant but it never has been this way, ever... And current data shows we have moved from the solar maximum cycle which sees warming trends to a solar minimum cycle which sees declining temps. We went through a solar minimum cycle in the 70's and people were freaking out saying we were heading into an ice-age, then things settled down and began warming then the same fruit loops and 'scientists' on certain payrolls once again start screaming doom and gloom that the planet will cook. Additionally its normal for CO2 levels to fluctuate and this generally coincides with the planetary 15k year cycle, during peak CO2 phases we see the Sahara actually become a rainforest, hence why skeletal remains of ancient humans have been found in that region (most famous of which was named 'Lucy') as this cycle has happened many times during human evolution. And currently due to elevating CO2 levels we are seeing the 'greening' cycle starting to kick in because it was actually reaching a critically low level some decades ago. It amazes me how willing the masses are to follow narratives concocted by the global elites as they manipulate us all to seize more control under the guise of climate action, just look at America currently falling apart as it now implements these changes that actually do nothing to curb any environmental impact, but make electricity more expensive elevating poverty numbers while pushing technologies that still harbour reliance on the fossil fuels enemy, and refusing to reign in worst polluting offenders such as China. Its all just a load of shit...

    Uber MickUber Mick13 dagar sedan
  • animals not too hard (reletively), since can put mammoth in elephant, wooly rhino in rhino, etc etc

    FshFsh13 dagar sedan
  • excellent video. So well explained. I learned so much.

    marting1984marting198413 dagar sedan
  • Thank you for making this video and sending people to Pleistocene Park's Patreon! You're doing more to help them than all the VICE documentaries that don't mention their need to fund their mission.

    Raleigh LathamRaleigh Latham13 dagar sedan
  • I just donated to Pleistocene Park. Once the permafrost thaws past a certain point then the temperature of the Ocean will rise such that the methane hydrate frozen at the bottom of the continental shelves and Ocean will be released then there will be an oxygen poor atmosphere above sea level. See the 2008 movie Six Degrees Could Change the World.

    Diane WallaceDiane Wallace14 dagar sedan
  • Mammoth eats trees No trees = warm #killallmammoths

    DEADART PARKSDEADART PARKS14 dagar sedan
  • "We refuse to accept the Holocene and will do everything in our power to manipulate nature towards that end." You're ignoring the biggest and most obvious suspect for why the glaciers melted at the younger dryas boundary; the Hiawatha Glacier impact and the accompanying black-mat layer that indicate a massive bolide event.

    GentlemanBystanderGentlemanBystander14 dagar sedan
  • atlas pro, using the wrong map wtf...

    JohanJohan14 dagar sedan
  • Fun topic, but your editing & delivery are nails-on-chalkboard painful.

    McHitlerMcHitler14 dagar sedan
  • Cant fix the climate changing. we entered the grand solar minimum. its an unstoppable cycle that happens every 400 years.

    Brohamed DaBruhphetBrohamed DaBruhphet14 dagar sedan
  • What a load of nonsense.

    Pheeb HelloPheeb Hello14 dagar sedan
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