Why Jakarta is sinking

19 feb 2021
2 658 217 visningar

The 400-year curse dragging Indonesia's capital into the sea.
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Like many coastal cities around the world, Jakarta is dealing with sea level rise. But Indonesia's biggest city also has a unique problem: Because of restricted water access in the city, the majority of its residents have to extract groundwater to survive. And it's causing the city to sink. Today, Jakarta is the world’s fastest-sinking city.
The problem gets worse every year, but the root of it precedes modern Indonesia by centuries. In the 1600s, when the Dutch landed in Indonesia and built present-day Jakarta, they divided up the city to segregate the population. Eventually, that segregation led to an unequal water piping system that excluded most Indigenous Jakartans, forcing them to find other ways to get water.
To understand how it all ties together, and what’s in store for Jakarta’s future, watch the video above.
Sources and further reading:
If you want to learn more about the development of Jakarta’s urban water supply going all the way back to colonial times, check out Michelle Kooy’s detailed reports:
To understand Jakarta’s colonial history and the segregation that came of it, check out this article from the Journal of Historians of Netherlandish Art: jhna.org/articles/dutch-batavia-exposing-hierarchy-dutch-colonial-city/
To read about the evolution of the canals the Dutch built in present-day Jakarta and how their deterioration impacted water access and segregation, here’s a study from Dr. Euis Puspita Dewi, who we feature in the video:
To get a broader look at the many other cities sinking in Indonesia, check out this article by Dr. Estelle Chaussard: www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0034425712003975
Thanks for watching and let us know what you think in the comments!
Vox.com is a news website that helps you cut through the noise and understand what's really driving the events in the headlines. Check out www.vox.com​.
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Vox.com is a news website that helps you cut through the noise and understand what's really driving the events in the headlines. Check out www.vox.com.
Watch our full video catalog: goo.gl/IZONyE
Follow Vox on Facebook: goo.gl/U2g06o
Or Twitter: goo.gl/XFrZ5H

  • Hello! We have translated subtitles available in Bahasa Indonesia. You can access them through the settings icon > Subtitles/CC Thanks for watching, and let me know what other colonial histories you want to see explained next in the comments. Thanks, Christina, Video Producer

    VoxVox15 dagar sedan
    • Thanks

      Argent KnightArgent Knight2 timmar sedan
    • I explain about Indonesia again plzz,,,

      Rynaldy CavdraRynaldy CavdraDag sedan
    • Wow, matur suwon

      Om PrastOm Prast2 dagar sedan
    • Vox... Vox... Thanks For YourAppreciation To thePeopleOf " INDONESIA " ... Oh, When you smile... It makes me smile... When you cry... I can’t help but cry.... __________________ INDONESIAN

      Kareem KalisariKareem Kalisari2 dagar sedan
    • Mobile legend is Weird games.

      Obama is EpicObama is Epic2 dagar sedan
  • Bangkok too.

    Sherlock HolmesSherlock Holmes33 minuter sedan
  • Hello my country :v

    3b Aisha Shabrina3b Aisha Shabrina52 minuter sedan
  • As a jakartan im pretty siked about being a merman

    Your MomYour Mom57 minuter sedan
  • I have no comment because it's true

    ArzaHelkilporoArzaHelkilporoTimme sedan
  • So is it the dutch fault?

    AyoWassupBroAyoWassupBroTimme sedan
  • dont know either

    M. Faiz SeptianM. Faiz Septian2 timmar sedan
  • after 600+ years of colonization is this what we must accept :(

    Yashin YokuYashin Yoku3 timmar sedan
  • When it actually sinks, I'm sad to think that maybe my future grandchildren will have more history to learn. Poor them.

    now lommenow lomme4 timmar sedan
  • Jakarta is too overpopulated. Money is not everything. Time to move back to own villages and peace of mind is more important.

    Akim AminAkim Amin5 timmar sedan
  • Oh my gawd...

    Sasha's PotatoSasha's Potato5 timmar sedan
  • Who else live in jakarta? Me

    The ZhafranThe Zhafran6 timmar sedan
  • Hey is indonesian near atlantis? If yes i can met aquaman i live in jakarta after all

    The ZhafranThe Zhafran6 timmar sedan

    The ZhafranThe Zhafran6 timmar sedan
  • Jakarta butuh kesungguhan, dalam mengatasi banjir dan sepertinya lebih baik pindah ibu kota sebelum terlambat

    Sasongko *Sasongko *7 timmar sedan
  • Tanah Air Yang Kucintaaaaa Engkau kubanggakan

    Yunita PuspitaYunita Puspita7 timmar sedan
  • The coming of Jesus Christ is close my brothers and sisters!! Please repent of your sins and ask God for salvation for the time is short 💕😞 we are not perfect which is why we need to seek the lord more than ever!❤️❤️🙏🏼.....

    Gotcha Open 2Gotcha Open 27 timmar sedan
  • I came to know about this last year from an Indonesian friend I met online. I couldn't believe that at first. I mean,the cultural and economic hub of a country which also happens to be the capital,with thriving culture and population,this all won't exist few decades later because it's sinking, FAST!! It really sounded horrific and I did some findings on internet and found out that Indonesia is shifting their capital to Kalimantan from Jakarta, although Jakarta will continue to play an important role in country's economy. I was relieved,but then realised that as usual,the poor people will suffer the most. Will they be given proper homes in the new capital? What about their earnings? What will happen to fishermen? When Jakarta completely sinks,will The other capital really be the perfect alternative of Jakarta? And within how long? Since they don't have much time It was really something hard to think about,I discussed this fact with her,I mean that Indonesian friend. We both believe that yes, the new capital will be worthy to take the place of Jakarta and hope for the best. Lots of positivity and thoughts and concern from my side,India. I hope they figure this thing out and not even one person suffers in that capital shifting process.

    Soumyasish BhattacharyyaSoumyasish Bhattacharyya8 timmar sedan
  • Nice ☺️ ❤️&✌️

    Querencia.tvQuerencia.tv9 timmar sedan
  • Hmm yes the start of 2020 it actually flooded my house

    nico orlandonico orlando9 timmar sedan
  • 9:38 looks beautiful though, like a prog rock album cover

    MrFlipperInvader792MrFlipperInvader7929 timmar sedan
  • the capital will soon move to East Kalimantan, now the construction process is underway, hopefully it will run smoothly

    DiodesDiodes9 timmar sedan
  • Urban social management was never taken as a serious subject, only GDP focus and heeding no attention to biodiversity, neglecting climate change disaster signals, Human Beings are proving themselves as the biggest fools... atleast now it is time for ACTION..🙏

    Chandra PrakashChandra Prakash9 timmar sedan
  • I'm genuinely terrified for the year 2050.

    thefirstchampsterthefirstchampster9 timmar sedan
  • What is sinking ? i am indonesia. ora udud paru paru ora smile

    Dion GantengkanDion Gantengkan10 timmar sedan
  • bagus, serakah sih, yang dibangun cuma jakarta dan sekitarnya saja. Jawa Tengah saja yang masih satu pulau pembangunannya tertinggal.

    Dwi HaryantoDwi Haryanto11 timmar sedan
  • I am proud to know it

    kuding Kudingkuding Kuding11 timmar sedan
  • I am proud with this chanel

    kuding Kudingkuding Kuding11 timmar sedan
  • For everypnes information vox is a racist supermacy for the left out a lot of what the very informative people were saying. Like you can obviously listen to them and they are saying more. The man saying that we had to build on top and top and on top but they just said we had to build taller. The lady said much more as well. I dont know the mans language but i do the womans . She said a whole lot more than what the captions stated. Although i will give you "vox" that you said something close at least to what they are saying and at least actually translated half of it! Lazy! Supressing the people to not state their full opinion. Disrespecting those and shutting them up.

    Florida ManFlorida Man12 timmar sedan
  • For everypnes information vox is a racist supermacy for the left out a lot of what the very informative people were saying. Like you can obviously listen to them and they are saying more. The man saying that we had to build on top and top and on top but they just said we had to build taller. The lady said much more as well. I dont know the mans language but i do the womans . She said a whole lot more than what the captions stated. Although i will give you "vox" that you said something close at least to what they are saying and at least actually translated half of it! Lazy! Supressing the people to not state their full opinion. Disrespecting those and shutting them up.

    Florida ManFlorida Man12 timmar sedan
  • Welp bye

    Wocky slushWocky slush12 timmar sedan
  • But I think that enough decades have passed from Dutch rule without having to blame them. The Indonesian government must now act.

    Allyson YoungAllyson Young12 timmar sedan
  • Im an indonesian the new capital will be tenggarong it will be in the "province" called east kalimantan thats all i know

    aldo liong tanpanawasaldo liong tanpanawas14 timmar sedan
  • tragedy comes from an architect problem or street design.

    para Sanpara San14 timmar sedan
  • I told my friends that jakarta is sinking but they dont trust me :(

    Lintang AzzamtaLintang Azzamta14 timmar sedan
  • This is the first time a coverage about sinking jakarta mentioned the effects of colonization on the issue. Good research.

    Sunsetblvd 1950Sunsetblvd 195015 timmar sedan
  • the other side of suffering is Greatness .....

    Yuma AtwoodYuma Atwood17 timmar sedan
  • Bc God dont like it.

    NazNaz19 timmar sedan
  • Hope they will solve that problem. Love from Philippines

    Softly VNTconceptSoftly VNTconcept19 timmar sedan
  • We are the dumbest species

    Insat 444Insat 44419 timmar sedan
  • My Indonesian brothers and sisters, those walls may protect you from rising water but until when? I think removing some concrete flooring and making eco parks and transferring or planting many big trees can be a big help to absorb water. In our capital city the mayor developed and re-open eco parks so that nature and city are combined, but there are still places which is too urbanized and need more nature in it. I hope that Indonesia will soon solve this problem.

    ArQuel YapArQuel Yap20 timmar sedan
  • People in Jakarta: No, you can't just invest Millions on some bird island that will take 30 years complete and will probably sink with rest of the city!! Venture: Haha big birdy go chirp chirp

    Asharaf Abdul SalamAsharaf Abdul Salam20 timmar sedan
  • TL;DR: Blame Europeans.

    MetadragonMetadragon21 timme sedan
  • Keberatan dg bangunan pencakar langit, terutama di jakarta utara yang berbatasan dgn laut...

  • Jakarta is sinking. The local govt: And what about it? 💅🏼💅🏼💅🏼

    WR 96WR 96Dag sedan
  • Another city in India, Chennai is facing the same symptoms but is at an earlier stage, it is not sinking yet.

    Ramkumar Suresh N VRamkumar Suresh N VDag sedan
  • why is the us air force showing me a filmy ad to join it---while im an indian in india

    Pranshu PandyaPranshu PandyaDag sedan
  • And people still protesting about moving the capital into Borneo? Dude, just your city is literally sinking 😂

    Rezky Donny PutrantoRezky Donny PutrantoDag sedan
  • Jakarta: *Sinking 92,000 people: I like this!

    Quttubuddin Al Abin Aibak Ulf SheikhQuttubuddin Al Abin Aibak Ulf SheikhDag sedan
  • boats: *I see this as an absolute win!*

    ken PRIVATEken PRIVATEDag sedan
  • European powers really messed up a lot!

    anjali mathuranjali mathurDag sedan
  • im life in surabaya

    • no one asked

      Lotusamb JerukLotusamb JerukDag sedan
  • I don’t wanna hear this language again, sink faster.

    DogmaDogmaDag sedan
  • Jakarta sinks Disney: Let's make. A sequel to atlantis the lost empire Jakarta: The lost Empire

    EpicSayGamerEpicSayGamerDag sedan
  • If only trump was still the us president

    EpicSayGamerEpicSayGamerDag sedan
  • Yup... But don't worry, because in Jakarta, most religious people believes that "What is coming is better than what is gone" .الجيات أحسن من الرايحات So when the city is fully underwater, let's just eat potato chips and see how their faces reaction from our phones.

    Danang GraitoDanang GraitoDag sedan
  • Can't wait

    HendrianjayyyHendrianjayyyDag sedan
  • Very informative ✨

    Jeanelle LagrimasJeanelle LagrimasDag sedan
  • bro just move

    funkiemonkiefunkiemonkieDag sedan
  • Other SEA countries: battling societal problems Indonesians: we have enough natural problems already. If we had to face societal problems too, might as well fly to the moon

    Kany SabilaKany SabilaDag sedan
  • Too much jamu, too many people digging well for dresh water, poor irrigation, too many prostitusi

    Johari TalibJohari TalibDag sedan
  • The Government is still busy with their politcal problem and corruption issue and never solve their sinking city

    Visal HendraaVisal HendraaDag sedan
  • Thank you Vox for this interesting news, and explaining the perspective of the outside media, and for comparing the explanations from our domestic media.

    Rynaldy CavdraRynaldy CavdraDag sedan
  • Not only Jakarta will sink, but several cities will also sink in the future (due to human factors and natural factors) I hope the local government can plan something better so that the cities don't sink and all will be okay (I'm using google translate, so If there's any sentence or word are wrong tell me... so I can learn more^^ Thank You)

    Devania SouDevania SouDag sedan
  • So they're going to make a bird-shaped island that takes 30 years to complete (if ever undertaken), instead of giving them piped water?

    avarice sevenavarice sevenDag sedan
  • So once again it's societys fault

    Ya Boi BorisYa Boi BorisDag sedan
  • Why are brown people around the world subjugated to lighter-skinned people?

    Capital ACapital ADag sedan
  • *did you know indonesian engineer can make flying city ?* They are have the blueprint and please, keep its secret don't tell anyone 🙊

    Be YourselfBe YourselfDag sedan
  • The vengeful connection coincidently bolt because swing proportionally correct beside a paltry defense. tired, vast fragrance

    Ker LozKer LozDag sedan
  • Here is one solution make dutch pay for it.

    Muris HalilovicMuris HalilovicDag sedan
  • poor indonesia

    Sony DigitalSony DigitalDag sedan
  • Kenapa ga ada yg membahas tentang itu di Indonesia?

    Felipe ValdésFelipe ValdésDag sedan
    • ada kayak dari CNN Indonesia pernah contohnya atau metro tv, namun pembahasan mendalam jarang sekali ada, sekalinya berita banjir yaa seputar banjir itu, jadi pengetahuan warga hanya berputar disitu saja tidak mendalam tidak meluas

      Athilla RubenAthilla Ruben8 timmar sedan
    • Sebagian video ini ada di pelajaran sejarah waktu sekolah felipe sebenarnya tentang jakarta akan tengelam ataupun pulau yang hilang dan muncul kembali pernah viral beberapa tau yang lalu. Bukanya gak di bahasa tapi karna sudah pernah di bahas beberapa tahun yang lalu. Dan tidak di beritakan lagi jadi sebagian orang tidak tau.

      nitanita21 timme sedan
    • Mungkin butanya media Indonesia yang hanya melihat berita terviral, bukan terpenting

      Player 257Player 25723 timmar sedan
    • Ada kok banyak, tapi Orang² lebih tertarik sama berita hiburan, hadeuh..

      Akumaru SaburoAkumaru SaburoDag sedan
    • Krn ga ada yg mau nonton jg. Banyak kok di SEworld. Cari aja dan liat aja sendiri. Views nya cmn secuil dibanding acara gossip ato video viral.

      Noir.Noir.Dag sedan
  • They could also start tearing out concrete and create lots of parks that double as rainwater basins that will allow the aquifer to refill as they lay pipes. Instead of seawall why aren't they just building a water treatment and delivery system?

    DustinDustinDag sedan
  • When Jakarta became independent from the Dutch and started their extreme growth, why wasn't the city planned or piped as it grew? That doesn't make sense to me.

    DustinDustinDag sedan
  • Jakarta sinking bec lot of greedy ppl!

    dwiky hermawandwiky hermawanDag sedan
  • For someone who already lives in jakarta this bonechilling😨😨😨

    good animationgood animationDag sedan
  • Have to start seeking new sources of water first (like water treatment plants) and then de-commissioned the use of piped water afterward. Find meaning to channel rainwater back to underground. No use building walls if you didnt solve the root cause of the issue in the very first place in which that bird plan is seriously just draining money into the sea lol.

    L.K. LimL.K. LimDag sedan
  • Indonesia need dutch

    2011 Toyota Innova Type V Diesel2011 Toyota Innova Type V Diesel2 dagar sedan
  • build the city underwater problem solved.

    Lisa SuLisa Su2 dagar sedan
  • Saatnya siapin perahu . Pemerintah mencoba buta

    Muhammad YasinMuhammad Yasin2 dagar sedan
  • Most population in Kota Bharu Kelantan in Malaysia also rely on ground water. ..... pls help from the federal govt....

    Ahmad Sanusi HassanAhmad Sanusi Hassan2 dagar sedan
  • These people are so so strong for dealing with this for decades.

    Kaia JensenKaia Jensen2 dagar sedan
  • Foreign media: inform youe country about it sinking and try to fix it Indonesian goverment: ayo this city is sinking let's just mobe to Kalimantan

    iPlay GamingiPlay Gaming2 dagar sedan
  • It's also difficult if we become the government there, but not the ones who like corruption

    Tulus Aris SugiantoTulus Aris Sugianto2 dagar sedan
  • Dutch government deleting comments again

    Tanishq Singh BajwaTanishq Singh Bajwa2 dagar sedan
  • Why does it feel like history repeating? When other countries were developing before, didn’t they also face this challenge?

    Baldwin xuBaldwin xu2 dagar sedan
  • Not a strong argument that the Dutch colonists (ignoble as they were) are to blame for the past 70 years of Indonesian mismanagement of the problem...

    Alexander PinkertonAlexander Pinkerton2 dagar sedan
    • Yeah I don't understand that either. I understand they founded the city, but they haven't run it since the 40s and it wasn't until then that the massive growth started.

      DustinDustinDag sedan
  • yang ngomong baru vox internasional nayangin materi ini, fix jarang baca berita/ nonton tv berita.

    ElEl2 dagar sedan
  • Guys I have a solution for this! If the problem is Jakarta sinking on its weight then when it's already under the water there will be no problem anymore cuz people would decentralize on its own, many people might died in the process.

    Apalaharti SebuahnamaApalaharti Sebuahnama2 dagar sedan
  • It is just an old problem that keep happening. See?? We still can lived here.. While the politician still wasting time, we still see this problem as something on far horizon..

    Ahmad GantengAhmad Ganteng2 dagar sedan
  • They tried to say it was sea rising .but sat data put payed to that ,sea levels our not rising ,there's been record ice gain this winter

    Mechelle KingmanMechelle Kingman2 dagar sedan
  • Salute from indonesia neighbour , Malaysia

    Not AriqNot Ariq2 dagar sedan
  • Netflix original: "Jakarta Sinks 2050"

    Rizky GusnaRizky Gusna2 dagar sedan
    • The atlantic metro city

      Yashin YokuYashin Yoku3 timmar sedan
  • Free west papua! Give back the freedom

    Bitchesa mae BiglangtamblingBitchesa mae Biglangtambling2 dagar sedan
  • So Allah is becoming Islamophobic

    Free ManFree Man2 dagar sedan
  • If you have ever visited Jakarta, you would also notice that it's drainage has been pretty awful. So no clean freshwater coming in, and no way for the sewage to go out. And it's the fault of rapid population growth.

    Jason yuJason yu2 dagar sedan
  • Oh so you wanna flood come here -jakarta

    Rafi HaidarRafi Haidar2 dagar sedan
  • Mr jokowi, any solution?

    Farhan Mirza MFarhan Mirza M2 dagar sedan
  • Solution: build farther away from the sea.

    Rainbow LOVERainbow LOVE2 dagar sedan
  • Theres a plan to move the capital to another city but at least it will take 5 years to even begin

    NZ-666 Kshatriya Zomrade yg MERAKyatsNZ-666 Kshatriya Zomrade yg MERAKyats2 dagar sedan